4 … That is why, it is very difficult to control the flow concentration and predict the channel changes. The lower portion of the Padma River has wide meandering curves, an indicator of extensive erosion. According to the sediment quality guidelines, 9,10,11 the sediment of Padma River was moderately polluted with THB during monsoon at Sites-1, 2 and 3, while its moderate pollution was noted during monsoon as well as winter season at Site-4. The erosion intensity of Padma river is very high which is second erosion prone river in Bangladesh. The Padma also has a large sand-bed, which is easily erodible. Land The photo shows an eroded point at Khejurtala Bazar under Janjira upazila. Rivers swelled from the torrential rains of Hurricane Florence. Erosion trends of the Padma River. photo: Observer . The erosion may continue for two years in this location. The middle sections of the Padma River tend to experience low rates of erosion. Padma river is a braided characteristics which is vulnerable, because channel variation is very active. Erosion has long been a part of life in Bangladesh, which sits on a massive river delta. These events can lead to intense erosion along the banks of the river, displacing farms, homes, and even lives. The total areas, annual rates of erosion and deposition of the left and right banks of the river Padma between 1973 and 2011 are given in Table 2. (View all 14 images in natural-color by clicking here.). The middle sections of the Padma River tend to experience low rates of erosion. Human Presence The braided reach of the river is eroding along both banks, while the meandering reaches erode only the outer banks. The people of Shibchar upazila have urged the government to take permanent steps for saving lives and establishments in the area. In general, bank erosion is greatest on the outside of the river bends, where several processes can influence the land deterioration: changes in river flow, land masses moving downslope, and vegetation wearing away where the river meets the land. Loss of land meant loss of livelihood, leading to numerous deaths due to hunger. Floods, erosion and displacement have been an intimate part of Howladar’s life and those of the millions of people who live on riverine islands across the country, known as chars in Bengali. Sandbags were dumped during the flood to reduce the rate of erosion, he added. The Padma’s rushing waters constantly shift and transform the shape of the river, eating away at its sandy banks. Press alt + / to open this menu. In 1998, a large flood rose over these banks, exacerbated by the opening of the Farakka barrage (dam) in India. The Padma, Sanskrit for lotus flower, is mentioned in Hindu mythology as a byname for the Goddess Lakshmi. Padma River Destroy Everything. Nothing could be done.”. The river erosion in the union has got worse over the past few days, taking several villages under the river during the period. The Salmon River in Idaho, one of the longest free-flowing rivers in the United States, rushes through a geologic wonderland of wooded ridges, eroded bluffs, and stone towers and crags. It is the main distributary of the Ganges, flowing generally southeast for 120 kilometres (75 mi) to its confluence with the Meghna River near the Bay of Bengal. 2A Media Limited. River erosion is a natural matter. However, over 660 square kilometres of land, has been lost due to erosion of Padma since 1966. Erosion rates vary over time with the magnitude of the flood flow and the type of bank material. Human Presence Flight Center. The river left a scar where the water once flowed, as you can see in the 2018 image. During the last four decades the net erosion along the 100 km long Padma River was about 32,189 ha [1-8]. For decades, the Padma River has meandered, twisted, and weaved in different shapes through central Bangladesh. Please Subsribe our channel for update our all videos. Its main tributary is the Mahananda; its principal distributary is the Madhumati (called the Garai in its upper course). The city of Rajshahi is situated on the banks of the river. The flood situation in southern districts of the country has improved as water levels in most of its rivers saw a receding trend in the last few days. The river has become wider at this section by eroding along both banks, although most activity occurred on the left bank. The erosion and vulnerability of the Char-lands in the Padma River channel will be reduced due to Padma bridge construction. Hydrology expert Dr. Ainun Nishat said,” The Padma flows according to her own will. Padma is a major river in Bangladesh. You cannot understand Padma with mathematics or science. River bank erosion is a common problem in river channels in the deltaic tracts and is widespread throughout the course of the Ganges in West Bengal. All Rights Reserved. However, over 660 square kilometres (256 sq mi) of land, has been lost due to erosion of Padma since 1966. Severe Storms 4 in Munshiganj, popularly known as the 'VIP Pier', is engulfed by the Padma River on Thursday. As the shape of river changes over decades, the upper reaches show the most change, particularly with widening and meandering bends. Bangladesh Water Development Board is dumping sandbags along the bank of the Padma to prevent erosion at Mulfatganj Bazar in Naria. The upper section of the Padma—the Harirampur region— has experienced the most erosion and shows the most notable changes. History Etymology. River erosion has continued for the last few years but the Padma has become terribly destructive this monsoon and engulfed at least two square kilometres of land in Naria Upazila in the central district of Shariatpur. Arable land and plants are being washed away by river while the Charkalidaskhali Government Primary School is also under threat. (2017, December 21). Image of the Day A quick analysis using satellite images shows at least three mosques, one health complex, one school, and one bank have been partially or totally engulfed by the Padma river. More than 200 students used to study in the school. The Bandarkhola union council complex building on the verge of collapsing into the Padma River in Shibpur upazila of Madaripur, OP-ED: Targeting sculptures, ignoring depravity. Photo: Mahmud Zaman Ovi Shimulia pier No. Erosion by Padma River in Dohar upazila of Munshiganj and at Charbagdanga union under Chapainawabganj Sadar upazila has taken a serious turn, making at least 90 families homeless.Moreover, a number of structures at Kairapara and Maldanga villages, including Charbagdanga UP Complex and a portion of the embankment built at a The city of Rajshahi is situated on the banks of the river. Remote Sensing. Shimulia pier No. These blocks were made to protect the village, but for the last few years the river erosion has been so devastating it destroyed even the dams. Flooding and erosion deposited river sand in the agricultural lands. Several other establishments surrounding the complex including a community clinic and the Kazipur bazar are also under the threat of erosion. Using topographic, aerial, and satellite imagery, scientists found that the left bank shifted 12 kilometers towards the north from 1860 to 2009 and developed a meandering bend. School under Padma river erosion threat The bank of Padma river is breaking with the increase of water level in Bagha upazila of Rajshahi. Facebook. River erosion has continued for the last few years but the Padma has become terribly destructive this monsoon and engulfed at least two square … Satellite imagery shows how the river has been transforming in shape, size, and location from 1988 to 2018. All of the images include a combination of shortwave infrared, near infrared, and visible light to highlight differences between land and water. The Padma erosion has taken serious turn in Shariatpur district. Erosion rates vary over time with the magnitude of the flood flow and the type of bank material. The complex was built in 2010. Madaripur WDB Executive Engineer Partha Pratim Saha said: "It is almost impossible to protect the establishments from the erosion as the complex is in an erosion-prone area and the river has already taken a serious turn. Meandering Bends of the Lower Padma River, A Broad View of Flooding in the Carolinas, NASA Goddard Space In 1998, a large flood rose over these banks, exacerbated by the opening of the Farakka barrage (dam) in India. Both the banks of the River are migrating outwards and thus the River is widening. We have to work in order to prevent erosion. Land A recent report from NASA indicates that since 1967, over 66,000 hectares or 256 square miles of land have been lost to erosion due to the river. Locals say the sandbags barely have any effect. On August 18, the building of Kazirsura Government Primary School No 26 in Bandarkhola union under Shibchar upazila was swept away by Padma River. NASA Earth Observatory images by Joshua Stevens, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey. The extreme erosion patterns have two main causes. Remote Sensing. Land Evaluation of microbial quality of sediment of Padma River is shown in Table 4. Her characteristics can’t be understood by mathematics or science. The animation below shows 14 false-color images of the Padma river between 1988 and 2018 taken by the Landsat 5 and 8 satellites. The Ganges forms one of the major river … Sections of this page. At present, Padma river erosion is the most common topics people talk about. Several other establishments surrounding the complex including a community clinic and the Kazipur bazar are also under the threat of erosion. Each zigzag and turn tells a geologic story of the region, such as a large flooding event or the opening of a nearby dam. According to sources, people of Bandarkhola union parishad (up) in Shibchar upazila and officials of the UP complex are facing uncertainty as the building is under threat of being washed away due to the increasing erosion by the Padma River. From 1988 to 2018 a braided characteristics which is easily erodible several other establishments surrounding the including... 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