Even with average maintenance bluegrass produces a good lawn. Grass Species (Kentucky Bluegrass) Figure 19b. Genetically Kentucky bluegrass is quite variable with chromosome numbers ranging from 2n=28 to 154. While bluegrass has always been a thatch forming grass some of the newer cultivars are so aggressive that thatch is almost unmanageable. material through mowing. Native throughout Europe and Asia, pasture-type Kentucky bluegrass is a cool-season perennial grass with a sod-forming growth habit. Exports | Forms tight sod. However, Kentucky bluegrass generally appears in these fields, coming from seed or rhizomes in the soil, particularly if the field was previously a pasture. Carpetgrass Littledove Kentucky Bluegrass Lamb, all-natural, grass-fed, and entirely pasture-raised, is grown and processed in Kentucky without artificial additives of any kind. can result in the grass becoming clumpy and forming erosion areas Quality Issues | It forms an open sod. LAWNS! It has been used for lawns, athletic fields, golf course fairways, tees, and rough, and been widely planted for pastures in regions where it thrives. It spreads with rhizomes to form a sod and thus is very persistent under heavy grazing. Native throughout Europe and Asia, pasture-type Kentucky bluegrass is a cool-season perennial grass with a sod-forming growth habit. Pasture grasses differ in their tolerance to close grazing and traffic. BUY #1 RATED • Horses had less preference for any pasture mix with 30 percent or more orchardgrass. Kentucky bluegrass can reach a height of two feet and produces a dense root system. Realistic pasture yield goals are 2 tons of dry matter per acre for Kentucky bluegrass and 4 tons of dry matter per acre for tall-growing cool-season grass species like orchardgrass. Under high fertility, low mowing, and regular irrigation they devastated by diseases. Midnight Kentucky Bluegrass . and lessen the damage that could otherwise damage the pasture. Sowing Tips: Broadcast the seed at, or very near, the soil surface and incorporate lightly with raking. It tolerates hard wear, and because of its rhizomes, it can regenerate itself even if the grass sward is badly damaged. Cougar was released by the Washington AES and Plant Materials Center SCS, USDA in Pullman, WA. Great prices, professional service and fast shipping! Forage seed. Although the species is spread over all of the cool, humid parts of the United States, it is not native to North America. Under grazing perennial pastures that can last for many years with good Sowing Tips: Broadcast the seed at, or very near, the soil surface and incorporate lightly with raking. Bluegrass pastures And that’s thought to be one of the reasons it was established in the central and northern regions of Kentucky. These are caused by thin walled bulliform cells located on either side of the keel. Variety selection was underway by the 1950’s and led to several released cultivars into the mid 1960’s. Worldwide The Bluegrass region is characterized by underlying fossiliferous limestone, dolomite, and shale of the Ordovician geological age. Kentucky bluegrass has long been the most important cool season grass planted as turf. At lower mowing heights, diseases generally destroy the stand. For more information consult www.ntep.org. foraging species from cattle, horses, sheep, etc. | Pests Turf planted from sod or seed can be devastated after several years of growth by Necrotic Ringspot. LAWN QUESTIONS YOU NEED ANSWERED? Necrotic Ringspot is now a problem in areas that were never affected before the availability of the newer cultivars. Spreads rapidly after establishment because of the rhizomatous nature. West of the Cascades, bluegrass is still a marginally adapted grass. This cool-season, sod-forming perennial grass is also palatable for grazing animals. Collar (Kentucky Bluegrass) Canada Bluegrass. It is more drought and flood tolerant than many grass species. It prefers cool climates in the northern half of the United States, and performs best in highly fertile soils. Overseeding Pastures in Kentucky written by Ray Smith - Overseeding of pastures is an excellent management tool that improves pasture production, forage quality, and ensures a good ground cover the following year without major pasture renovations. Other: Kentucky bluegrass has rhizomes (underground shoots), which are easy to observe if you dig into the soil. google_color_border = "008000"; Remember that the actual application rates will differ depending on the elemental analysis of the fertilizer used. Leaf morphology: Leaves are smooth on the adaxial or upper leaf surface. Kentucky bluegrass matures into a beautiful, sod-forming turf with a fine texture and blue-green blades that form dense, spreading mats. google_color_bg = "FFFFFF"; Because many roots live through the winter, it is not unusual to dig up a patch of healthy bluegrass and observe that most of the roots appear brown. The common types do best with modest amounts of Nitrogen. Bluegrass pastures are lifetime plantings but need reseeding occasionally along fertility. The first major effort to use Kentucky bluegrass in western parts of Oregon and Washington started around 1960 when sod production started. The Spanish Empire brought the seeds of Kentucky bluegrass to the New World in mixtures with other grasses. This grass species is slower to germinate than most cool season grasses, taking at 7 to 21 days. through closer grazing or the removal of blade Suitable for horses, beef cattle, and dry cows. Turfhelp.com, Bahiagrass Kentucky bluegrass has the highest quality color and texture of the cool season grasses. | Mowing It is found on over 100 million acres of lawns and pastures in the US. The 1960’s through the 1970’s produced a flood of new cultivars as the breeding program at Rutgers University, under the leadership of Dr. Reed Funk, unraveled the mysteries of breeding Kentucky bluegrass. phases of Kentucky bluegrass management. Clovers (red, ladino, white) (Figure 2-2) are by far the dominant legumes found in Kentucky hay/pasture fi elds. A mix specifially designed for horse pastures. It has been used for lawns, athletic fields, golf course fairways, tees, and rough, and been widely planted for pastures in regions where it thrives. Kentucky bluegrass can reach a height of two feet and produces a dense root system. Some of the specific performance characteristics in the Northwest are discussed below. Poa pratensis forms a valuable pasture plant… Very few fields in the Northeast are sown with Kentucky bluegrass seed. Its water use rate is typical of other commonly used grasses. Newer compact cultivars require higher levels of N to grow well and look their best. Kentucky bluegrass is the grass that made sod production possible in northern climates. Pasture usage covers almost any Tolerates close, frequent grazing better than most grasses. 35% Kentucky Bluegrass, 25% Tetraploid Perennial Ryegrass, 15% Alfalfa, 15% Timothy, 10% Orchardgrass. Kentucky bluegrass can reach a height of two feet and produces a dense root system. Centipede Rusts are generally the first diseases observed in the fall on new plantings followed by leafspot during late winter. google_ad_height = 600; Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) Kentucky bluegrass is best adapted to the upper northern portion, and the mountain and upper piedmont areas of the Southeast. Pasture soil testing should Kentucky bluegrass-white clover pastures must be grazed fairly closely (from 4 to 6 inches back to 1 to 1.5 inches) in early spring to maintain the white clover. written by Ray Smith - Overseeding of pastures is an excellent management tool that improves pasture production, forage quality, and ensures a good ground cover the following year without major pasture renovations. Because humidity is generally low and night temperatures are fairly cool we simply don’t develop the kind of heat load for long enough to cause serious problems. It is also used for making lawns in parks and gardens and is common in cool moist climates like the Pacific Northwest , and Northeastern United States . As mowing heights have gotten lower on golf course fairways and tees Kentucky bluegrass has lost its value because it cannot compete. Orders will be shipped as soon as this seed is available** Balin Forage Kentucky Bluegrass is a high yielding, winter hardy pasture grass that establishes quickly with strong growth in Spring and early Summer. Seedland.com - The Bluegrass Pasture Seed - Bluegrass pasture seed varieties for premium, low input and economical Bluegrass pasture seed applications. Midnight is also a solid choice for establishing new turf areas and overseeding existing turf on … If shade is constant, mix bluegrass with other grasses better adapted to those conditions such as the fine fescues. Kentucky bluegrass and bermudagrass form tight sods and are the most tolerant of close grazing and traffic. FOR Since hope springs eternal, some will continue to plant Kentucky bluegrass on fairways mowed at 0.5”only to end up with annual bluegrass and other better adapted grasses. between the grass sections which can lead to the grass thinning They are smooth on the lower leaf surface and have a small distinct keel. In Table 6 of the 2019 Timothy and Kentucky Bluegrass Report, you'll find the forage variety results of a comparison of five Kentucky Bluegrass varieties seeded in the fall of 2017. One of the cool things about Kentucky Bluegrass are the Rhizomes. Size: 50 LBS Native throughout Europe and Asia, pasture-type Kentucky bluegrass is a cool-season perennial grass with a sod-forming growth habit. Horse Pastures in Kentucky and Surrounding States Pasture grasses differ in their tolerance to close grazing and traffic. Please Note that Seedland is providing this page on bluegrass pastures for your information. ORDER | Weeds They typically failed in 3-5 years being replaced by indigenous grasses and often with annual bluegrass. In general Kentucky bluegrass is an upright grower but with enough variation to allow classification into three basic categories. It is highly palatable except when headed out. *** May be better suited to western Oregon than other bluegrasses. It has a so called perennial root system in which maximum root system development occurs after one to two years from planting. Another of the high fibre and low sugar operators, these grasses prefer the warmer climates of Northern Australia, but have the ability to grow almost anywhere in the country. Once established, it is extremely traffic tolerant. This quality pasture seed mix has a good profile. It is valued for easy establishment, drought resistance and improved heat tolerance over many other tall fescue varieties. With a climate defined by hot summers, low humidity, cold winters, and calcareous soils, bluegrass grows incredibly well. few forage grasses that actually improve the root system Advertising | They are best adapted in sunny climates with low humidity and cool nights. Without this treatment, Kentucky bluegrass sod will become weedy and unproductive. Orchardgrass is the -- Kentucky Bluegrass gives lawns a great look by spreading to fill in open areas or thickening existing strands. Higher seeding rates ensure quicker ground cover. re-growth following close grazing. Commercial google_ad_width = 120; These are Kentucky bluegrass, Poa pratensis, is the most predominant pasture grass in the northern half of Missouri. 70% Perennial Ryegrass, 30% Kentucky Bluegrass; Seed rate: 6-8 lbs per 1000 sq. KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS poa prensis Kentucky bluegrass is a sod forming, long lived perennial grass. For new lawns and over-seeding lawns, Kentucky bluegras This grass is more traffic tolerant than most grasses. to help return nitrogen to the soil and improve Horsemaster is specially formulated with improved varieties of endophyte-free, soft-leaved tall fescue, orchardgrass, timothy, From Spokane to the Tri-Cities to Bend Necrotic Ringspot has altered our vision of pure stands of Kentucky bluegrass. Bluegrass also grows Orchardgrass is the least tolerant, and tall fescue is intermedi- ate between orchardgrass and Kentucky bluegrass or … The Spanish Empire brought the seeds of Kentucky bluegrass to the New Worldin mixtures with other grasses. Leaf blades are often wide. Our primary objective for these prairies is to increase plant diversity, which, in turn, bolsters ecological resilience and improves habitat quality for a wide range of prairie… Management. For questions or feedback about our college or website, please Contact Us. Kentucky bluegrass seed is … Current cultivars may perform better than older types but conditions are not optimal for Kentucky bluegrass and indigenous grasses will still be the dominant grasses in lawns over time. Now uncommon, but persisting in isolated patches. Balin Kentucky Bluegrass - Kentucky Bluegrass is frequently found in natural grasslands, in many types of soils inclucing mineral and humus-rich soils. East of the Cascades under optimum climatic conditions and with optimum inputs of fertilizer, water, regular thatch control, and timely applications of herbicides, insecticides, and fungicides Kentucky bluegrass will provide as close to perfect turf as we can hope to achieve. legumes that are chosen may need to be reseeded from time to time. Grasses We do not, at the present time, sell bluegrass seed for pastures. Princess 77 Payment FAQ's | Kentucky bluegrass has long been the most important cool season grass planted as turf. It is common in temperate and relatively moist regions in both the northern and southern hemispheres. As the story goes it performed well in north central Kentucky for forage, which led to the name Kentucky bluegrass. After testing in turf trials, it was released as ‘Merion’ in 1947 by the USGA Green section and the Crop Research Division, ARS, USDA. are grown on millions of acres in North America. Management. Higher rates of N will probably speed up encroachment of invading species. google_color_text = "000000"; originally of limestone bases. The LAWN SEEDS Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Extension Program, Extension Agriculture Peer Teaching Evaluation Forms. Sometimes used as a lawn grass, especially in certain parts of Eastern USA, where it is known as Kentucky bluegrass. To me, this is the magic of KBG. Best prices on Bluegrass Pasture Seed Guaranteed! It is very high in forage quality and very palatable. In pastures, grazing should begin when grass is about 5 inches tall and should not be grazed shorter than 1-1/2 to 2 inches. The final category includes the BVMG (Baron, Victa, Merit, Gnome) types. There are literally hundreds of cultivars of Kentucky bluegrass and many produce outstanding turf. Vernation: Young leaves of bluegrasses are folded as they emerge from surrounding leaf sheaths. Choices Over 200 species of Bluegrass exist with hundreds of Kentucky Bluegrass varieties available on the market. material. dense formed ft. productivity of the bluegrass pasture. producing thick foliage from year to year without sustained damage © 1999 Seedland®, Inc. - All rights reserved. Along side the keel you can see two parallel clear veins kind of like racing stripes. Spreads rapidly after establishment because of the rhizomatous nature. Major Uses: Pasture, limited use for hay. HAVE Many grasses will not tolerate the close It is also found in many types of soils including mineral and very rich humus soils. Landmark cultivars developed at Rutgers during this period included ‘Adelphi’, ‘Bonnieblue’, ‘Galaxy’, ‘Glade’, and ‘Majestic’ among others. Kentucky bluegrass is the grass that made sod production possible in northern climates. HYBRID SEED, FERTILIZER Benefits and Characteristics. google_color_url = "008000"; The same probably holds true for central and eastern Oregon and all of Idaho. This feature makes Kentucky bluegrass highly suitable for horse and sheep pastures. Early plantings were noted for their susceptibility to Stripe rust. White clover and birds foot trefoil is It is shiny on the under-surface. 100's of Grass PHONE ORDERS: Free shipping on orders of $75.00 or more. Growth starts early in spring, and the regrowth consists mainly of leafy material. The grasses turn brown with hot, dry weather, says Rather, so it is best as spring pasture. legumes. Grows 1 to 3 feet tall. Tall fescue, orchardgrass, timothy, and bluegrass occupy the vast majority of our forage land, with Kentucky 31 tall fescue occupying the largest number of acres (Figure 2-1). While improvements have been made in all of these areas there have been many new problems to contend with such as Stripe Smut, Necrotic Ringspot, excessive thatch production, and high nitrogen requirement. specialists! with three to six inches of blade length will help keep the bluegrass tillering and building better root systems, this in sod prevents the hoofs of herd animals from damaging the pasture and helps prevent erosion Regular mowing will help bluegrass become thick, lush and uniform lawns. In many areas East of the Cascades, Kentucky bluegrass turf will perform well with +/- 4 lb. Bluegrass pastures Ligule Smooth surface Bulliformcells Keel Boat shaped leaf tip Leaves folded in sheath. N/1000 sq ft per year depending on expectations and mowing habits. Poa pratensis forms a valuable pasture plant, characteristic of well-drained, fertile soil. Oregon State University College of Agricultural Sciences In samples taken in Bend, OR thatch levels on mature lawns often run as deep as 4”-8”! Barenbrug grasses have a high feed value and adequate fiber to maintain animal health and meet the nutrient requirements of a horse. levels of 6.5 to 8.0. Birdsfoot trefoil is the best long-lived legume for growing in a mixture with Kentucky bluegrass as permanent pasture in the northern half of Indiana. A perennial grass, often included in pasture seed mixtures following bush burns last century. This pasture grass is persistent, with strong rhizomes and erect leafy shoots. West of the Cascades, bluegrass has been tried repeatedly without much success. Clovers and birdfoot trefoil are also favorites for Ligules: There is a small distinct ridge like ligule at the juncture between the blade and sheath. Typically, 70% of bluegrass production is before June. Heat stress is rarely a problem anywhere in the Northwest except perhaps the Tri-Cities or the Medford areas. as  bluegrass pastures can.. Pastures of bluegrass It is the dominant grass found in old pastures throughout the mountain areas and is used almost exclusively for grazing. Phone Business hours - Mon-Fri. 9-5 EST ONLY - Contact via It … Once thatch gets too thick you can assume that most roots will be located in the thatch so expect to increase irrigation applications significantly and to irrigate on a frequent basis to avoid development of localized dry spots. Typically, 70% of bluegrass production is before June. Produces narrow leaves (1/8 inch) that grow lengths of 4-8 inches in length. Bentgrass foraging. Thatch management should be an important part of Kentucky bluegrass culture. **Based on regional field trials. This feature makes Kentucky bluegrass highly suitable for … Early varieties were all common types and included ‘Delta’ released by the Canada Department of Agriculture in 1938, ‘Troy’ released by the Montana AES and Crops Research Division ARS, USDA in 1955, and South Dakota Certified, which comes from naturalized common type seed fields that must be at least 10 years old. Gradually, people quit trying to plant pure Kentucky bluegrass and today you will generally find bluegrass only in seed mixtures marketed nationally and in some sod blends. Email. It is endophyte free … It quickly became the standard against which all other bluegrasses would be judged. Bluegrasses generally grow better in soils of higher fertility and more moisture; when grown in soils not meeting the criteria additional nitrogen has to be added and/or the planting of legumes that co-exist in the pasture with the bluegrass. many animals and provide extra nutrition and diversity in A bluish-green grass commonly found in run-down pastures. It continued to spread west and north until it became an important grass through out the northern United States and Canada from coast to coast. Slow to establish with a 21-28 day germination period. are planted in pastures Kentucky Bluegrass. All early commercial seed was harvested from wild stands in the Midwest, often from pastures. Questions? In Western Oregon and Washington plan on 4 to 6 lb N/1000 per year in order to maintain vigor and density while the bluegrass is still the dominant component of the mix. Early cultivars were lost to disease and because they weren’t competitive in the winter when other better adapted grasses continued to grow. when fully developed into the natural thick sod that bluegrass Kentucky bluegrass also forms a tight sod, providing good pasture footing. | States  Seed Varieties, Bluegrasses.com - An Informational Website From. Both diseases cause turf thinning and open the stand to germinating invaders. Other early improved types included ‘Cougar’, ‘Fylking’, ‘Nugget’, ‘Pennstar’, ‘Warrens A-10’, and ‘Windsor’. The underside of the leaf blade ranges from dull to somewhat shiny. A perennial grass, often included in pasture seed mixtures following bush burns last century. Kentucky bluegrass is the grass that made sod production possible in … LAWN & TURF Kentucky Bluegrass Lamb. Plant at 1/8 to 1/4 inch depth in a very firm seed bed. It starts growing fairly quickly making it excellent for establishing and replenishing a pasture. Breeders have been able to make controlled crosses and in many cases the resulting crosses are still highly apomictic. Wildlife Seeds,