1877      Thomas Alva Edison announced his invention of the first phonograph, a device for recording and replaying sound. Tablets become the next new thing & within 2 years are everywhere. The Boeing 707-120 debuts as the world’s first successful commercial jet airliner, ushering in the era of accessible mass air travel. Globalization, Competitiveness, and Governability: The Three Disruptive Forces of Business in the 21st Century eBook: Ernst, Ricardo, Haar, Jerry: Amazon.in: Kindle Store This week, the Darden Leadership Speaker Series kicked off with a talk by Dominic Barton, Global Managing Partner of McKinsey & Company. The first commercially viable electric motor was introduced by Zenobe Gramme in the year 1871. He invented the system as a way of sharing scientific data (and other information) around the world, using the Internet, a world-wide network of computers, and hypertext documents. The modern internet would not be possible without this protocol, 1978      The Bionic ear is invented by Graeme Clark in Melbourne, Australia. It enabled data to be shared back & forth between interconnected advanced computer workstations. Rather than limit computers to number crunching, Engelbart envisioned them as tools for digital display. This reservoir would hold enough ink for a few pages of writing. 1999      The first MP3 player is released by Saehan Information Systems, which sold its “MPMan” player in Asia in spring 1998. 2009      Twitter revolutionises the social media space with its 160 character messaging platform. 1971      First email program is developed by Ray Tomlinson. Edison batteries (also called alkaline batteries) are an improved type of storage battery developed by Thomas Edison. Although the radio was invented by Nikola Tesla, it was promoted and popularised by Guglielmo Marconi in 1895. 1895      Radio has its first broadcast thanks to Guglielmo Marconi who pioneered the development of the wireless telegraph in 1896 and long-distance radio communication in 1901. 1857      Joseph Gayetty invented toilet paper. 1962      Fibre optic cable developed for use in telecommunications. RFID stands for Radio-Frequency IDentification. 1981      The laptop is created. It urges the dual reflection comprised in one question: What are we for? That they can be refueled and flown many times, resulting in spaceflight being much less costly and may become far more accessible to human passengers. 1970      Computerised Tomography (CT scan) is developed enabling medical practitioners to look at soft tissues in the body without invasion surgery. AbeBooks.com: Globalization, Competitiveness, and Governability: The Three Disruptive Forces of Business in the 21st Century (9783030175153) by Ernst, Ricardo; Haar, Jerry and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices. 1881      The world’s first public electricity supply delivered, when the streets of the Surrey town of Godalming in the UK were lit with electric light. The dissemination of tools to the many and the unspecialized turns yesterday’s customer into today’s accomplished self-satisfying amateur and into tomorrow’s new expert. 1955      Polio is finally beaten by Jonas Salk (1914-1995) – a research physician who formulated a vaccine against the devastating disease. 1995      DVD (“digital versatile disc” or “digital video disc”) is a digital optical disc storage format invented and co-developed by Philips, Sony, Toshiba, and Panasonic. 1968      Touchscreen technology was launched. Nano technology – the combining of technology with biology is likely to bring about many revolutionary changes to the way we view health & wellbeing. GPS or the Global Positioning System was originally developed by the U.S. Department of Defense (D.O.D) and Dr. Ivan Getting. Office environments that have too many fixed spaces, such as cellular offices and f… Post-COVID-19: Do We Still Need To Be In The Room Where It Happens. The most common obstacles arise if the company cannot make “space” deliberately and uncompromisingly for innovation: temporal, mental and even physical space. It has been a blessing for students and job seekers who move cities or countries for career prospects. Their “Wright Flyer” was a fabric-covered biplane with a wooden frame. Japanese manufacturers love it and, after licensing the design in 1968, go on to dominate the global market for industrial robots. The Nobel Prize winning German chemist Adolf von Baeyer had experimented with this material in 1872, but did not complete its development or see its potential. The Nexus for Exclusive Insight, Empowering Executives to Navigate Change. Most notably headsets. Skroupa: You have described the 21st century organization as a “happy oxymoron.” Could you explain what you mean by that, and how we may be departing from a century of established management science? It often still does despite the evaporation and decline over the last 16 years of a vast number of previously gargantuan organizations. A gas-powered motorcycle was invented by the German inventor Gottlieb Daimler in 1885. While only 12% of the people in developed countries could read and write in 1820, today 99.2% are literate. Wearables – Smart watches, earbuds that pair with your smartphone to translate languages, give you directions or provide information. The German nuclear physicist Hans Wilhelm Geiger developed the device from 1908-12. As a Digital Nomad my hours do not reflect a traditional business but I am online most days so don’t be shy – get in touch! Bakelite was patented in 1907 by the Belgian-born American chemist Leo Hendrik Baekeland. 1957      The Soviet Union launches the Sputnik satellite. Philips named this format “Video Cassette Recording” (although it is also referred to as “N1500”, after the first recorder’s model number), VCR started gaining mass market traction in 1975. All of this changed during a seventy year period that saw the fabric of society transformed to an environment that features electric light, automobiles, steam ships, national rail networks, telegraphic communications, personal photography, moving pictures & household radio receivers…. In contrast, Russia in … They were introduced in Scandinavia in 1981, in Chicago, USA, on October 13, 1983 (by Motorola), and in Europe in the late 1980’s. It is estimated that one of every 5,000 people (mostly children) fell victim to polio. Back then, despite significant academic literature, innovation as an organizational competence and a management discipline was not widely understood. Arrau was invited to the Langenhagen plant to press the start button. Think of all the things in our day to day that use an electric motor – hairdryers, food mixers, electric shavers, & the myriad industrial machines – winches, cranes, conveyor belts, etc & you start to get some idea as to the impact of this one invention! Dickson perfected the BAND-AID® in 1920, making a small, sterile adhesive bandage for home use. Telstar makes real a 1945 concept by science fiction author Arthur C. Clarke, who envisioned a global communications network based on geosynchronous satellites. Although it was large and heavy compared to today’s laptops, with a tiny 5″ CRT monitor, it had a near-revolutionary impact on business, as professionals were able to take their computer and data with them for the first time. This will open new realms of strategy and policy. 1962      The LED (light-emitting diode) is developed & begins to usher in a new era in lighting. Both relied on the triode and made rapid advances thanks to armed forces communications during World War I. However, it’s another decade before materials allow the development of more practical devices such as the “Pebble” & Apple’s “Iwatch”. 1888      The very first patented film camera was designed in England by Frenchman Louis Le. Berliner was the first inventor to stop recording on cylinders and start recording on flat discs. On his “Inclined elevator,” passengers rode on an wedge-shaped supports attached to a conveyor belt at an incline of about 25 degrees. 2005      GPS became commercially viable and was embedded into phone devices from here on. The momentum will continue. Globalization, Competitiveness, and Governability: The Three Disruptive Forces of Business in the 21st Century eBook: Ricardo Ernst, Jerry Haar, Haar, Jerry: Amazon.ca: Kindle Store 1987      Digital hearing aids are released. With the scarcity of resources as a result of the war, combined with a distrust of nations outside our own, “Invention” was not likely to be topmost in the collective psyche. In the early 1960s this medical technique was to involve other medical areas. Employers of these children who weren’t able to show this were penalised. The original elevator had a stationary handrail (which was soon replaced with a moving handrail). The momentum will continue. 1979      The mobile (cellular) phone is born! He helps local businesses develop sustainable online marketing programs by applying a strategic focus to laser target what a business needs to be doing & when. 1991      The Internet arrives with a whimper. He was a Swedish inventor and industrialist who invented many powerful and relatively safe explosives and explosive devices, including the “Nobel patent detonator” (it detonated nitroglycerin using a strong electrical shock instead of heat, 1863), dynamite (1867), blasting gelatin (guncotton plus nitroglycerin, 1875), and almost smokeless blasting powder (1887). While the Nicolet Corporation’s hearing aid was not publicly successful and the company shortly folded, it was able to start a competition between companies to create more effective hearing aids. It works through an electric field which destabilises the flame’s underlying structure rather than blanketing the fire to smother it. The barriers at work tend to be contextual. 1953      Transistors – although invented in 1947, the first commercial device to use a transistor was the Sonotone 1010 hearing aid, created in 1953. Christopher P. Skroupa is the founder and CEO of Skytop Strategies, a global organizer of conferences. 1961      Kodak releases the Instamatic camera. The zipper was improved by the Swedish-American engineer, Gideon Sundbach, and was named by the B.F. Goodrich company in 1923. In 2012 more than 4 billion videos are watched on Youtube per day! 1958      Eight track tapes are created by RCA – although recording tape was invented in the 1930’s The main advantage of the RCA tape cartridge over reel-to-reel machines was convenience. Sholes’ prototype had the user hit a key (for each letter and number), which struck upward onto a flat plate, producing a carbon impression of the letter or number on the paper. Global Powers in the 21st Century fills this gap, offering in-depth analyses of China, Japan, Russia, India, and the European Union in this new global context. 1975      The Personal Computer (PC) era is born. What does that mean for shareholders? This very flammable material was invented by the American inventor John Wesley Hyatt (it was invented to be a substitute for the elephant ivory used for billiard balls). The indisputably most impactful trend, unsurprisingly, is the tsunami of technological innovation. My working definition of the modern company (putatively perplexing for some) is “a community of people united around a common purpose.” This perspective puts people first but not individualistically, rather in how they interact, collaborate and communicate in union as a community. In 1955, after many trials of the new vaccine, the vaccine was made public, and put an end to the polio epidemic. The new “trends” concern previously inconceivable velocity and scale of innovation-led change. 1969      ARPANET is created by the US Department of Defenses Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) as a means for military installations to communicate with each other & still be able to function independently should any installation be destroyed. Bandages for wounds had been around since ancient times, but an easy-to-use dressing with an adhesive was invented by Earle Dickson (a cotton buyer at the Johnson & Johnson company). Is it any wonder that the satirical publication of the day, “Punch” in 1899 carried, in its look at the coming new century, the joke about a genius who asked “Isn’t there a clerk who can examine patents?” To which a boy replied “Quite unnecessary, Sir. HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) was his set of rules for linking to pages on the Web. A new book by McKinsey and Company outlines four major forces that will transform the world of the mid 21 st century. We see continuity and dramatic disparity. 1998      Launch of the Google search engine. (Portio Research). 1990      Hubble space telescope launched, allowing scientists to see our universe in far more detail (without the barrier of the Earth’s atmosphere to look through). The Elementary Education Act 1880 insisted on compulsory attendance from 5 to 10 years of age. The flight took place at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, USA. Unfortunately, Gayetty’s invention failed. It is this “Compression” of timeframes that makes the 21st Century advances seem more dramatic & of greater impact. The former KGB spy once bemoaned the collapse of the Soviet empire as the “greatest geopolitical catastrophe” of the last century. 1955      Microwave ovens arrive. Since then the merging of digital technologies & medicine has accelerated – leading to the development of electronic retinas, artificial pancreas, hearts, etc. The acronym refers to small electronic devices that consist of a small chip and an antenna. Christopher P. Skroupa: Could you describe the latest trends in 21st century innovation, from your perspective, and the impact they may have on the modern company? And it wasn’t until the late ’90s that the Air Force began working on the technical aspects of arming unmanned aircraft with missiles. Poliomyelitis, also called infantile paralysis, had crippled thousands of children during an epidemic that hit the world during the 1940’s and 1950’s. Trend has already begun to change substantially. Four technology experts joined forces to establish Android Inc. of Palo Alto, CA: (Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears and Chris White). The vaccine was made from killed polio virus. The VCR started to become a mass market consumer product; by 1979 there were three competing technical standards using mutually incompatible tape cassettes. States which decide to commit aggression in coming decades will know that if the United States and the world community decide to counter the aggression, they can. It is a device that detects ionizing radioactivity (including gamma rays and X-rays) – it counts the radioactive particle that pass through the device. 2010      The Ipad is released &, once again, Apple brings to the forefront a technology (Tablet computers or “Slates”) that had been developed years earlier by companies such as Toshiba & Motion computing. Sinclair tried to one-up them with a $199 kit computer, the ZX80, which was quite popular in Britain. 1852      The rise of the elevator. The late 19th & early 20th Century saw massive shifts in all major areas of society which became building blocks for much of the innovations delivered in the late 20th & early 21st Centuries. Robert Hutchings Goddard (an American physicist and inventor) is acknowledged as the father of modern rocketry. Previously, Karen served as a strategic advisor at DUAL International Limited, the world’s largest international underwriting agency, and as Chief Innovation Officer at AIG. These days, sharing information is most often done over an Ethernet (usually referred to as a LAN – Local Area Network); from the smallest office to the largest corporation, from the single schoolroom to the largest university campus, Ethernet is clearly the networking technology of choice. Download the eBook Globalization, Competitiveness, and Governability: The Three Disruptive Forces of Business in the 21st Century - Ricardo Ernst in PDF or EPUB format and read it directly on your mobile phone, computer or any device. They sold their new toilet paper from a push cart – this was the beginning of the Scott Paper Company. 2015      Driverless cars which can navigate specific routes and traffic, What society is now experiencing is the “Multiplier” effect. Six major firms were involved in the development of the VCR: RCA, JVC, AMPEX, Matsushita Electric / Panasonic, Sony, and Toshiba. In announcing the discontinuation of the feature that deliberately degraded the signal, the White House said in a statement that civilian users of GPS would be able to pinpoint locations up to 10 times more accurately than before. The first automatic analog cellular phone was made in the 1960’s. In 1893, he exhibited this new invention at the Chicago World’s Fair. Previous cameras required the user to insert a roll of film & “wind” it on to the camera’s film spool. Innovation subsequently became “fashionable,” at least rhetorically, and no annual report left home without its liberal sprinkling of self-awarded adverbs and adjectives. Before his fountain pen, pen tips had to be tipped into ink after every few words. Bell Labs announces the invention of the first practical silicon solar cell. It could also notify your dentist, adding an extra layer of social pressure to make an appointment! Imprint Energy overcame the limitations of available battery technologies by using a zinc-polymer battery, enabling a new generation of power units that could be used in medical devices, wearable sensors and on-body electronics. The four disruptive global forces that are creating a world of possibilities ... which was considered one of the great advances of the 20th century, he says. She is a Senior Fellow of The Institute for Innovation in Large Organizations with over 25 years’ experience in law, management, underwriting and multinational business. This discovery of conduction became known as the Edison effect. ), I applaud the elevation in recent decades of investor and stakeholder regard for ESG. Coextensively, globalization and hyper-connectivity have shrunk our world and woven global economies together inextricably, challenging the very possibility of a purely local business. He can be contacted at www.communicationcommando.com. Disruptive Forces Blow Up 21st Century Business Models. The only question is how much and how well. Transistors, despite being so small, have made a big impact on the world – forming the basis for most modern technology. There are no secrets or miracle formulae. His iron weighed almost 15 pounds and took a long time to warm up. The expanding trend towards mindfulness and compassion as leadership principles and corporate capabilities are also conducive to social sustainability. In the last century, the planet’s population doubled twice. In a world of disruptive digital business models, augmented workforces, flattened organizations, and an ongoing shift to team-based work practices, organizations are challenging their leaders to step up and show the way forward. It’s a totally different landscape in just about every facet of day to day living & it all happened within a single lifetime! In 1914, Goddard received two U.S. patents: for liquid-fuelled rockets and for two- to three-stage rockets that use solid fuel. Waterman put an ink reservoir in the pen above the pen’s metal nib (point). His new toilet paper was composed of flat sheets. This act was later amended in 1899 to raise the school leaving age up to 12 years of age. 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